One of the most common problems seen by podiatrist is foot corns.
Foot corns can occur on any part of the foot can be very painful and difficult to resolve.
Foot corns are described as areas of thick skin that have developed in areas of pressure and are also known as a callus.
A callus is described as thick skin which normally appears on your toes.
The cause of foot corns is when there is too much pressure placed on one area of the foot and the pressure stimulates the skin to thicken in order to protect itself. The pressure can become very painful.
Causes of too much pressure can be due to toe deformities, such as hammertoes, gait abnormalities which cause pressure on the bottom of your feet, shoes that do not fit properly and are often too tight and prominent bony structure.
Symptoms of foot corns consist of thick, hardened skin and flaky, dry skin. Foot corns come in all shapes and sizes. Individuals with poor circulation, diabetes and peripheral neuropathy are at a higher risk to develop an infection from a foot corn due to the body treating the foot corn as a foreign object.
If the foot corn becomes infected it can be very painful and will need immediate care by your primary care physician or podiatrist.
Treatments of foot corns include wearing shoes that fit you properly, adding padding to your shoes to prevent added pressure to your feet, proper hygiene of the areas on your feet that are most affected by foot corns, applying corn pads to the foot corn and using a pumice stone to gently massage and wear down the corn. Also, some podiatrist recommend foot orthotics or foot supports to relieve pressure.